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PPAMFLAG_ALL (M28_X)
Flag variable for postpartum amenorrhea

PPAMFLAG_ALL variables are 1-digit variables.

Codes

0 = No flag
1 = Greater than interval between birth and succeeding birth
2 = Greater than interval between birth and date of interview by only 1 month
4 = During pregnancy in calendar
9 = NIU (not in universe)

Description

PPAMFLAG_ALL (M28_x) reports the type of problem, if any, found in editing data on the duration of postpartum amenorrhea, for women who gave birth in the last three to five years. Cases with no known problem are coded 0.

PPAMFLAG_ALL consists of a set of six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (PPAMFLAG_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., PPAMFLAG_02, PPAMFLAG_03, PPAMFLAG_04, PPAMFLAG_05, and PPAMFLAG_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If PPAMFLAG_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

For surveys including this question, information for this variable was collected on all births, up to a maximum of six, in the reference period. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to six births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 4 or more births in 3 years, or had 5 or 6 births in 5 years). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 6 births in five years and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then PPAMFLAG_06 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

For discussion of the editing rules implemented (by the survey administrators) for data on postpartum amenorrhea, see PPAMHMO_ALL and PPAMHMOC_ALL,

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, PPAMFLAG_ALL (M28_x) has no comparability issues.

Comparability - Standard DHS

PPAMFLAG_ALL (M28_x) is not a question in the standard DHS questionnaire. The flag variable is a standard recode variable included in the DHS data for Phase 2 forward.

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 4 years before the survey.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 13-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 1990: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mozambique 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mozambique 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 1990: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 2000: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2012: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 4 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Yemen 2013: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2001: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-W
  • Angola: 2015-W
  • Bangladesh: 1994-W, 1997-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2007-W, 2011-W, 2014-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2010-W
  • Burundi: 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1998-W, 2004-W, 2011-W
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 2011-W
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 2005-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2005-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 2005-W, 2012-W
  • India: 1992-W, 1998-W, 2005-W, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 1990-W, 1997-W, 2002-W, 2007-W, 2009-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Kenya: 1993-W, 1998-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2014-W
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2009-W, 2014-W
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 2003-W, 2008-W
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2016-W
  • Mali: 2001-W, 2006-W, 2012-W
  • Morocco: 1992-W, 2003-W
  • Mozambique: 2003-W, 2011-W
  • Myanmar: 2015-W
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2006-W, 2013-W
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1998-W, 2006-W, 2012-W
  • Nigeria: 1990-W, 1999-W, 2003-W, 2008-W, 2013-W
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 2006-W, 2012-W, 2017-W
  • Rwanda: 1992-W, 2000-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2014-W
  • Senegal: 1992-W, 1997-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2012-W, 2014-W, 2015-W, 2016-W, 2017-W
  • South Africa: 1998-W, 2016-W
  • Tanzania: 1991-W, 1996-W, 1999-W, 2004-W, 2010-W, 2015-W
  • Uganda: 1995-W, 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 1991-W, 2013-W
  • Zambia: 1992-W, 1996-W, 2001-W, 2007-W, 2013-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-W, 1999-W, 2005-W, 2010-W, 2015-W