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Sought STI advice from: Reference health center (CSREF) (public) (Mali)

Codes and Frequencies

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For women who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the past 12 months, STIADML7 indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, they reported seeking advice or treatment from a public reference health center (CSREF) for this problem. This response category is country-specific to Mali.

Some samples in the "STIAD" series include multiple categories that can be consolidated into a single broad response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while also preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

STIADML7 is combined with STIADML8 (public community health center (CSCOM)) in STIADPUBHC (all public health centers) for the 2006, 2012, and 2018 Mali samples. IPUMS-DHS users interested in using STIADML7 are encouraged to review STIADPUBHC for a more comprehensive response category.


Apart from universe differences, STIADML7 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question about where the woman received advice/treatment for an STI is included in Phases III, V and VI forward of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Though STIADML7 is a country-specific response not included in the standard DHS modules, it is combined with other responses in STIADPUBHC, a standard variable that encompasses all public health centers as sources for STI advice/treatment. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of STIADML7 or the Comparability tab of STIADPUBHC for more information on the specific categories combined for the Mali samples.


  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 who had an STI, abnormal genital discharge, or a genital ulcer/sore in the last 12 months.
  • Mali: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W