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Sought STI advice from: Private hospital/clinic (Zambia)

Codes and Frequencies

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For women who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the past 12 months, STIADZM1 indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, they reported seeking advice or treatment from a private hospital/clinic for this problem. This response category is country-specific to Zambia.

Some samples in the "STIAD" series include multiple categories that can be consolidated into a single broad response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while also preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

STIADZM1 is combined with STIADZM2 (private doctor) in STIADPRIVHOS (private hospital, clinic, or doctor) for the 1996 Zambia sample. IPUMS-DHS users interested in using STIADZM1 are encouraged to review STIADPRIVHOS for a more comprehensive response category.


STIADZM1 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question about where the woman received advice/treatment for an STI is included in Phases III, V and VI forward of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Though STIADZM1 is a country-specific response not included in the standard DHS modules, it is combined with other responses in STIADPRIVHOS, a standard variable that encompasses private hospitals, clinics, and doctors as sources for STI advice/treatment. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of STIADZM1 or the Comparability tab of STIADPRIVHOS for more information on the specific categories combined for the Zambia samples.


  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Zambia: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B