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Chewed chat during last intercourse

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For women who had sexual intercourse in the 12 months prior to the interview, SXPAR1CHAT indicates whether the woman and/or her most recent partner "chewed chat" during their last intercourse.

The DHS Final Report for Ethiopia 2011 details the following information about chat (khat):

Chat is a plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Chat chewing in communities in these areas is a social custom that dates back thousands of years. However, chat is a strong stimulant that causes mild to moderate psychological dependence, although not as strong as that of alcohol and tobacco, and its consumption can have serious health and economic consequences.


SXPAR1CHAT has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

SXPAR1CHAT is a country-specific variable not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire.


  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who have had sexual intercourse in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia: 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-W