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Uses paan masala

Codes and Frequencies

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TOPAAN indicates whether the woman uses paan masala, a mixture of betel leaves, areca nuts and/or tobacco, and spices that is chewed.

Comparability — Index



Apart from slight differences in question wording, TOPAAN is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

TOPAAN is a country-specific response to the question about the type of tobacco used by the female respondent that is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 4 forward.

Comparability — India [top]

The 2015 India survey includes separate response categories for "paan with tobacco" (TOPAAN) and "Ghutka/paan masala with tobacco" (TOGHUTKA (V463I)).


  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • India: 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W