Codes and Frequencies
TOPAAN indicates whether the woman uses paan masala, a mixture of betel leaves, areca nuts and/or tobacco, and spices that is chewed.
Comparability — Index
Apart from slight differences in question wording, TOPAAN is largely comparable across samples.
Comparability - Standard DHS
TOPAAN is a country-specific response to the question about the type of tobacco used by the female respondent that is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase 4 forward.
- India 2005: All women age 15-49.
- India 2015: All women age 15-49.