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TVHH (HV208)
HH has television (from HH record)

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

TVHH (HV208) indicates whether any member of the household has a television. Some samples specified that the TV must be in working order. See Comparability.

The information in TVHH is taken from the household record and applies to regular household residents, not temporary visitors. Researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable when women, children, or births are the unit of analysis, and using the HHRESIDENT variable when household members are the unit of analysis.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Bangladesh
Ghana
India
Jordan
Lesotho
Nigeria
South Africa
Zimbabwe

Comparability

Along with universe differences, TVHH (HV208) has differences in question wording that reduce comparability across samples. The distinction between color versus black and white television in some samples would not matter for this summary variable, but the specification that the TV must be working could matter. While most surveys asked whether the household "had" a television, some used other terminology (e.g., "found in the dwelling unit" or "own"). See below for information about notable exceptions to the general standard.

Comparability - Standard DHS

TVHH (HV208) is included in the standard DHS household questionnaire from Phase 2 forward as "Does your household have a television?"

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

The 1994, 1997, 2000, and 2004 Bangladesh surveys specify a television "that is working." The surveys for 2007, 2011, and 2014 only mention "a television."

Comparability — Ghana [top]

Of the Ghana samples with this variable, only the 1993 survey specified "a functioning television."

Comparability — India [top]

Only the India 1992 survey asked whether the household "owned" a television.

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The 1997 Jordan survey asked whether the household had a "television that works."

Comparability — Lesotho [top]

The 2004, 2009, and 2014 Lesotho surveys asked whether the household had "a television in working condition."

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

Of the Nigerian samples with this variable, only the 2008 survey specified a television "in good working order."

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 2016 South African survey specified that that television must be "in working condition"; the 1998 South African survey did not.

Comparability — Zimbabwe [top]

Of the Zimbabwe samples with this variable, only the 2010 survey specified a television "in working condition."

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Angola 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Benin 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 1991: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 13-49.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 1993: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2009: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 1997: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 1995: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 1987: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Morocco 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 1997: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 1990: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 1999: All women age 10-49.
  • Nigeria 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 1997: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1991: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 1995: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Yemen 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Bangladesh: 1994-H, 1994-C, 1994-M, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1997-H, 1997-C, 1997-M, 1997-B, 1997-W, 2000-H, 2000-C, 2000-M, 2000-B, 2000-W, 2004-H, 2004-C, 2004-M, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2007-H, 2007-C, 2007-M, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2011-H, 2011-C, 2011-M, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2014-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-B, 1996-H, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2001-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1993-M, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1993-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-M, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1991-M, 1991-C, 1991-B, 1991-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-H, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-M, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2013-M
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-M, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1994-H, 1998-M, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Egypt: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 1995-H, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1993-M, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1993-H, 1998-W, 1998-H, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-B, 1999-H, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • India: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H
  • Jordan: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-H, 2002-W, 2002-C, 2002-B, 2002-H, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-H, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2009-H, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Kenya: 1993-W, 1993-M, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1993-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-H, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-M, 2009-H, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-H
  • Madagascar: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-M, 1995-C, 1995-B, 1995-H, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2001-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • Morocco: 1987-W, 1987-C, 1987-B, 1992-H, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2003-H, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-M, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 1992-H, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-H, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-H, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-H, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2001-M, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2006-M, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2011-M, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1992-M, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • Nigeria: 1990-W, 1990-C, 1990-B, 1990-H, 1999-H, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-H, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-C, 2008-H, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-C, 2013-H, 2013-B
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 1991-H, 1991-C, 1991-M, 1991-B, 2006-W, 2006-H, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-H, 2012-C, 2012-M, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-C, 2000-H, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-C, 2010-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-H
  • Senegal: 1992-B, 1992-M, 1992-H, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1997-B, 1997-M, 1997-H, 1997-W, 1997-C, 2005-B, 2005-M, 2005-H, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-M, 2010-H, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2012-B, 2012-H, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-H, 2014-C, 2015-M, 2015-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-H, 1998-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Tanzania: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-M, 1991-C, 1991-H, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-H, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-H, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-C, 2004-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-C, 2010-H, 2015-H
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-M, 1995-C, 1995-H, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Yemen: 1991-H, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C
  • Zambia: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-H, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-H, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-M, 2007-C, 2007-H, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-M, 2013-H
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-H, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-M, 1994-C, 1999-H, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 2005-H, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2010-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-C, 2015-H