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WEALTHQRURBHH (HV270A)
Household wealth index quintiles for urban/rural (from HH file)

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

WEALTHQRURBHH (HV270A) refers to the relative wealth (urban- and rural-specific) of the household where the person lives, divided into quintiles from the poorest (code "1") to the richest (code "5"). A code of "1" indicates the person's household is in the poorest quintile of rural households or the poorest quintile of urban households. The related variable URBANHH (HV025) indicates whether the person's de facto residence was in an urban or rural location.

According to the DHS Recode Manual for Phase VII,

As a response to criticism that a single wealth index […] is too urban in its construction and not able to distinguish the poorest of the poor from other poor households, this variable provides an urban- and rural-specific wealth index.

For additional information about the calculation and meaning of the wealth index, users should consult the Wealth Index summary from The DHS Program website and/or the DHS Comparative Report on The DHS Wealth Index.

WEALTHQRURBHH is based on information from the household record but is available for all units of analysis, through linking the household survey information to the records for women, children, births, and men, as well as for household members, in IPUMS DHS.

The complementary variable WEALTHSRURBHH (HV271A) reports the wealth index factor score for urban/rural for the person's household in a specific sample. The variables used to calculate wealth index quintiles and the level of wealth implied by a specific ranking are sample-specific. See Comparability.

Comparability

The general meaning of WEALTHQRURBHH (HV270A) is consistent across samples, but the variables used to calculate the wealth index quintiles and the level of wealth implied by a specific quintile-ranking are country- and survey-specific. Thus, for example, a given set of household amenities and services could place a household in the top quintile in a low-resource country but in the middle quintile in a wealthier country. WEALTHQRURBHH should thus be interpreted as the relative economic standing of the person's household within the type of location (urban or rural) of a specific country at a particular point in time.

Comparability - Standard DHS

WEALTHQRURBHH (HV270A) is included in Phase VII forward of the standard DHS recode.

Universe

  • Angola 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Benin: 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Burundi: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Ethiopia: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Guinea: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W
  • Jordan: 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Malawi: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Mali: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Nepal: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Nigeria: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Senegal: 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Tanzania: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Uganda: 2016-H
  • Zambia: 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H
  • Zimbabwe: 2015-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M