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Reason mother stopped breastfeeding child


This variable is not available for any of the currently selected samples.


For children who were born in the three to five years preceding the survey and whose mothers had stopped breastfeeding them, WHYSTBRFD (M21) reports why the mother stopped breastfeeding. Children who were breastfed until they died are automatically coded 13 (Child died) as the reason for stopping breastfeeding.


In addition to universe differences and slight differences in question wording, WHYSTBRFD (M21) varies in the number of response categories. To maximize comparability, IPUMS DHS uses composite coding, with the first digit providing the general reason (e.g., "Health problem" (code "10")), and the second digit providing additional detail, when this information is available (e.g., "Mother ill or weak" (code "11")).

Comparability - Standard DHS

WHYSTBRFD (M21) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase II and III only.


No universe descriptions are currently available.
  • Bangladesh: 1994-C, 1997-C
  • Benin: 1996-C
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-C, 1998-C
  • Burundi: 1987-C
  • Cameroon: 1991-C, 1998-C
  • Central African Republic: 1995-C
  • Chad: 1996-C
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-C, 1998-C
  • Egypt: 1988-C, 1992-C, 1995-C, 2000-C, 2003-C
  • Ethiopia: 2000-C
  • Ghana: 1993-C, 1998-C
  • Guinea: 1999-C
  • India: 1992-C, 1998-C
  • Jordan: 1990-C, 1997-C
  • Kenya: 1993-C, 1998-C
  • Madagascar: 1992-C, 1997-C
  • Malawi: 1992-C
  • Mali: 1995-C
  • Morocco: 1987-C, 1992-C, 2003-C
  • Mozambique: 1997-C
  • Namibia: 1992-C
  • Nepal: 1996-C
  • Niger: 1992-C, 1998-C
  • Nigeria: 1990-C, 1999-C
  • Pakistan: 1991-C, 2017-C
  • Rwanda: 1992-C
  • Senegal: 1986-C, 1992-C, 1997-C
  • South Africa: 1998-C
  • Sri Lanka: 1987-C
  • Sudan: 1989-C
  • Tanzania: 1991-C, 1996-C
  • Togo: 1998-C
  • Tunisia: 1988-C
  • Uganda: 1995-C
  • Yemen: 1991-C
  • Zambia: 1992-C, 1996-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-C