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WKEARNCASH (V720)
Woman earns cash for work
Group: Work

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

WKEARNCASH (V720) indicates whether the woman earns cash for her work.

Comparability

In addition to slight variation in question wording, the universes for this variable vary across samples and phases (as described below).

Comparability - Standard DHS

WKEARNCASH (V720) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phases II and III. In Phase II, only women who were currently working at the time of the interview were included. In Phase III, women who were currently working at the time of the interview and women who worked at any time in the 12 months before the interview were included.

Additionally, in Phase II for countries with high contraceptive prevalence (model "A" questionnaires), all self-employed women were assumed to be paid cash.

In Phase IV, the variable WKEARNTYPE (V741) replaces WKEARNCASH.

Universe

  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49 who are currently working.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 who are currently working.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Cameroon 1991: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who are currently working and are not self-employed.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • India 1992: Ever-married women age 13-49 who are currently working.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Jordan 1990: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Madagascar 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 who worked in the last month.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 1990: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Pakistan 1991: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Rwanda 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Tanzania 1999: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54 who are currently working.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 who are currently working.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months.
  • Bangladesh: 1994-C, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B
  • Cameroon: 1991-W, 1991-C, 1991-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B
  • Egypt: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B
  • India: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B
  • Jordan: 1990-W, 1990-C, 1990-B, 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2002-W, 2002-C, 2002-B, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Kenya: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B
  • Madagascar: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B
  • Morocco: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B
  • Nigeria: 1990-W, 1990-C, 1990-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B
  • Pakistan: 1991-W, 1991-C, 1991-B
  • Rwanda: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B
  • Senegal: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-C
  • Tanzania: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C
  • Yemen: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-C
  • Zambia: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C