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WKINCOME (V736)
Earnings for work
Group: Work

Codes

WKINCOME is an 8-digit numeric variable.

99999997 = Don't know
99999998 = Missing
99999999 = NIU (not in universe)

Description

For respondents who reported earning cash for their work, WKINCOME (V736) is an 8-digit numeric variable that reports the usual amount the respondent earns in cash.

The first digit gives the units in which the amount was specified, while the remaining 7 digits give the total amount. The first digit, or units digit, is coded as follows:

  • 1 indicates earnings per hour
  • 2 indicates earnings per day
  • 3 indicates earnings per week
  • 4 indicates earnings per month
  • 5 indicates earnings per year

For example, 30000400 would indicate that the respondent received 400 per week. The currency and units of currency used are both country-specific.

The values reported in WKINCOME are used to create two other variables with standard time units:

  • WKINCOMEDAY (V737) reports the respondent's approximate daily earnings
  • WKINCOMEYR (V738) reports the respondent's approximate yearly earnings

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Benin
Chad
Ghana
Jordan
Madagascar
Mali
Mozambique
Nepal
South Africa
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Comparability

In addition to slight differences in question wording, WKINCOME (V736) varies significantly in the units reported. The values reported in WKINCOME are not consistent across countries, as most countries have different currencies with different values. See country-specific comparability for more information.

Comparability - Standard DHS

WKINCOME (V736) is included in Phase III of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The 1996 Benin sample reports the respondent's earnings in West African CFA francs (XOF) as the unit of currency.

Comparability — Chad [top]

The 1996 Chad sample reports the respondent's earnings in the Central African CFA franc (XAF). In addition to the standard meanings of the units for the first digit, the 1996 Chad sample has the following additional units for the first digit:

  • 0 indicates earnings in kind rather than cash
  • 6 indicates other kinds of payment

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The 1998 Ghana sample reports the respondent's earnings in second Ghanaian cedis (GHC), which were in circulation from 1967 through 2007.

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The 1997 Jordan sample reports the respondent's earnings in Jordanian dinars (JOD).

Comparability — Madagascar [top]

The 1997 Madagascar sample reports the respondent's earnings in units of 1000 of Malagasy francs (MGF), which were in circulation until 2005. To determine the number of Malagasy francs, multiply the values in WKINCOME by 1000.

Comparability — Mali [top]

The 1995 Mali sample reports the respondent's earnings in the West African CFA franc (XOF).

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

The 1997 Mozambique survey reports the respondent's earnings in units of 1000 of the first metical (MZM), which was in circulation from 1980 to 2006. To determine the number of meticais, multiply the values in WKINCOME by 1000.

Comparability — Nepal [top]

The 1996 Nepal survey reports the respondent's earnings in Nepalese rupees (NPR).

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 1998 South Africa survey reports the respondent's earnings in South African Rands (ZAR).

Comparability — Uganda [top]

The 1995 Uganda survey reports the respondent's earnings in the second Ugandan shilling (UGX).

Comparability — Zambia [top]

The 1996 Zambia survey reports the respondent's earnings in the Zambian Kwacha (ZMK).

Comparability — Zimbabwe [top]

The 1994 Zimbabwe survey reports the respondent's earnings in first Zimbabwean dollars (ZWD), which were in circulation from 1980 through 2005.

Universe

  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Chad 1996: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • South Africa 1998: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who are currently working or have worked in the last 12 months and who earn cash for their work.
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B
  • Chad: 1996-W, 1996-B, 1996-C
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B
  • Ghana: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B
  • Jordan: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B
  • South Africa: 1998-B, 1998-W, 1998-C
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C
  • Zambia: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C