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Description

BED indicates whether the household had a bed.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Bangladesh
Ethiopia
India
Jordan
Lesotho
Liberia
Malawi

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, BED is comparable across most samples. The question was usually phrased as "Does your household have a bed?" Surveys with substantially different question wording are noted below.

The information in BED is taken from the household record, linked to the record of the woman respondent. This information applies to household residents, not temporary visitors, so researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable (with visitors coded "2").

Comparability - Standard DHS

BED is a country-specific variable not included in the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

The 1994, 1997, 2000, and 2004 Bangladesh surveys ask whether the household has "a cot or bed"?

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The 2016 Ethiopian survey asked whether the household had "a bed with cotton/sponge/spring mattress."

Comparability — India [top]

The 1998 Indian survey asked whether the household "owns a cot or bed." The 2015 Indian survey asked whether the household "has a cot or bed."

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The 2017 Jordan survey asks whether the household has "a bed or sofa bed."

Comparability — Lesotho [top]

The 2009 and 2014 Lesotho surveys asked whether the household had "a bed/mattress."

Comparability — Liberia [top]

The 1986 Liberia survey asked whether the household had "a bed with mattress."

Comparability — Malawi [top]

The 2004 and 2010 Malawian surveys asked whether the household had a "mattress."

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 1994: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Benin 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Chad 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2009: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 1986: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2013: All women age 15-64.
  • Nepal 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2006: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2018: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Bangladesh: 1994-H, 1994-C, 1994-W, 1994-M, 1994-B, 1994-W, 1997-H, 1997-C, 1997-W, 1997-M, 1997-B, 1997-W, 2000-H, 2000-C, 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-B, 2000-W, 2004-H, 2004-C, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-B, 2004-W
  • Benin: 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H
  • Chad: 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-H
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-H, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-M, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2013-M
  • Egypt: 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Ethiopia: 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-H
  • India: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Kenya: 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Lesotho: 2009-W, 2009-M, 2009-W, 2009-H, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-H
  • Liberia: 1986-W, 1986-C, 1986-B
  • Malawi: 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-W, 2016-H
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W, 2015-H
  • Namibia: 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Nigeria: 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2006-W, 2006-H, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-H, 2012-C, 2012-M, 2012-W, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Uganda: 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Zambia: 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-M, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-H, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2018-W, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-M, 2018-H, 2018-W
  • Zimbabwe: 2015-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W