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BIOFBMI (V445)
Body Mass Index (BMI) for respondents to the women's survey

BIOFBMI (V445) is a 4-digit numeric variable with 2 implied decimal places representing the respondent's BMI, except for the following codes:

Codes

9995 = Flagged cases
9998 = Missing
9999 = NIU (not in universe)

Description

BIOFBMI (V445) reports the female respondent's body mass index (BMI). BMI is an anthropometric measure relating weight to height, equal to body weight (kilograms) divided by height (meters) squared (W/(H^2)). Also known as the Quetelet Index, BMI is a measure of acute nutritional status, based on the Fogarty Metropolitan Life tables of ideal weight for height.

The DHS Guide to Statistics offers the following guidelines for interpreting BMI scores for women age 15-49:

  • Severely thin: less than 16.0
  • Moderately thin: 16.0 to 16.9
  • Mildly thin: 17.0 to 18.4
  • Normal: 18.5 to 24.9
  • Overweight: 25.0 to 29.9
  • Obese: 30.0 or more

The original height and weight values used to calculate BMI are also included in IPUMS-DHS. WEIGHTFEM (V437) reports the respondent's weight in kilograms, as measured by DHS personnel; HEIGHTFEM (V438) reports the person's length or height in centimeters, as measured by DHS personnel.

For an alternate measure of female nutrition, IPUMS-DHS users may also be interested in BIOFROHRER (V446), which reports the respondent's Rohrer's Index. This measure is equal to body weight (kilograms) divided by height (meters) cubed (W/(H^3)).

Comparability

Apart from universe differences, BIOFBMI (V445) has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

BIOFBMI is included in Phase IV forward of the standard DHS recode.

Universe

  • Bangladesh 1997: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2000: Ever-married women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2004: Ever-married women age 10-49.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2017: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Burkina Faso 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in 1987 or later.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Cameroon 2004: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Chad 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Chad 2004: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Chad 2014: Women age 15-49 in households not selected for the men's survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2003: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Ethiopia 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Ghana 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 2005: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49 whose health visit was completed or partially completed.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 1997: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Jordan 2009: Ever-married women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 in households selectd for women's biomarkers.
  • Kenya 1993: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in 1988 or later.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Kenya 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2014: Women age 15-49 in households selected for the long questionnaire.
  • Lesotho 2004: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Liberia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Liberia 2013: Women age 15-49 in households selected for the men's survey.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Madagascar 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Malawi 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Morocco 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Morocco 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 1997: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Mozambique 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Namibia 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-64 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Niger 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 10-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 for whom a measurement was found in the household.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 in households selectd for the men's survey.
  • Rwanda 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2005: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Senegal 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2005: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Tanzania 1991: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 4 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Yemen 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1992: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2007: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh: 1997-C, 1997-W, 1997-B, 1997-W, 2000-C, 2000-W, 2000-B, 2000-W, 2004-C, 2004-W, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2007-C, 2007-W, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2011-C, 2011-W, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Chad: 1996-W, 1996-B, 1996-C, 2004-W, 2004-B, 2004-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1994-W, 1994-C, 1994-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 1992-W, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1995-W, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-W, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • India: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Jordan: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-W, 2002-W, 2002-C, 2002-B, 2002-W, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2009-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-W, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Kenya: 1993-W, 1993-C, 1993-B, 1998-W, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-W
  • Liberia: 2007-W, 2007-C, 2007-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-W, 2013-B
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2004-W, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2001-W, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2018-C, 2018-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Morocco: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-W, 1992-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-W, 2003-B
  • Mozambique: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Namibia: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-W, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-W, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Niger: 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-W, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-W
  • Senegal: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Tanzania: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-C, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-W
  • Zambia: 1992-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2007-W, 2007-C, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-W
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-W