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HH has black and white television

Codes and Frequencies

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BWTV indicates whether the household had a black and white television.

The complementary variable COLORTV indicates whether the household had a color television. TELEVISION indicates whether the household had a television, regardless of type.

Comparability — Index



Apart from universe differences, BWTV is comparable across most samples. The question was usually phrased as "Does your household have a black and white television?" Surveys with substantially different question wording are noted below.

The information in BWTV is taken from the household record, linked to the record of the woman respondent. This information applies to household residents, not temporary visitors, so researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable (with visitors coded "2").

Comparability - Standard DHS

BWTV is a country-specific variable not included in the standard DHS household questionnaire.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

The 1998 Egyptian survey asks "Are any of the following items found in the dwelling unit: A black and white television?" The other Egyptian surveys use the standard wording noted above.

Comparability — India [top]

The 1998 Indian survey asked whether the household owned a black and white television. The 2005 Indian survey asked the standard question about whether the household had such a television (which could include rental of a dwelling furnished with a black and white television).

Comparability — Yemen [top]

The 1991 Yemen survey asked, "Do you have any of the following objects in this dwelling: Black and white TV?"


  • Egypt 1988: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1992: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • India 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Yemen 1991: Ever-married women age 15-54.
  • Egypt: 1988-W, 1988-C, 1988-B, 1992-W, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 1995-H, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H
  • Ghana: 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • India: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Yemen: 1991-B, 1991-W, 1991-H, 1991-C