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When last tested for cervical cancer

Codes and Frequencies

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CERVCANLWHEN reports when the respondent was last tested for cervical cancer.

Comparability — Index

South Africa


In addition to universe differences and slight differences in question wording, CERVCANLWHEN varies in the number of categories reported. To maximize comparability, IPUMS DHS uses composite coding with "Within the last 3 years" having a first digit of "1" and "4 or more years ago" having a first digit of "2." The second digit provides further detail when this additional information is available.
Comparability - Standard DHS

CERVCANLWHEN is a country-specific variable, and it is not included in any phase of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 2016 South Africa survey asks when the respondent last had a Pap smear.


  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who have ever been tested for cervical cancer.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever been tested for cervical cancer.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever received a Pap smear, in households selected for the adult health questionnaire.
  • Lesotho: 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2009-W, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-C, 2014-W
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-W