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Nurse gave delivery care (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

DELCD1_ALL variables are 1-digit variables.


0 = No
1 = Yes
8 = Missing
9 = NIU (not in universe)


For women who gave birth in the last five years, DELCD1_ALL indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, they reported a nurse gave delivery care for a recent birth. This response category is country-specific to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

DELCD1_ALL consists of a set of up to six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (DELCD1_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., DELCD1_02, DELCD1_03, DELCD1_04, DELCD1_05, and DELCD1_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If DELCD1_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

Some samples in the "DEL" series include multiple categories that can be consolidated into a single broad response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while also preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

DELCD1_ALL is combined with DELCD2_ALL (midwife) for the 2007 and 2013 Democratic Republic of the Congo samples to create the standard variable DELNURM_ALL (nurse/midwife). IPUMS-DHS users interested in using DELCD1_ALL are encouraged to review DELNURM_ALL for this more comprehensive response category.


DELCD1_ALL has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question about who provided delivery care is included in Phase II forward of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Although DELCD1_ALL is a country-specific response, it is combined with other responses in DELNURM_ALL, a standard variable that encompasses nurses/midwives as sources of delivery care. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of DELCD1_ALL or the Comparability tab of DELNURM_ALL for more information on the specific categories combined for Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007 and 2013.


  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-W, 2013-W