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DELCHEST_ALL (M77_X)
Child put on mother's chest and bare skin after birth

DELCHEST_ALL variables are 2-digit variables.

See DELCHEST_01 for the relevant codes.

Description

DELCHEST_ALL (M77_x) indicates whether the respondent's child was put on the bare skin of the mother's chest immediately after birth.

DELCHEST_ALL consists of a set of six separate variables, covering the most recent birth (DELCHEST_01) up to the sixth-most-recent birth (i.e., DELCHEST_02, DELCHEST_03, DELCHEST_04, DELCHEST_05, and DELCHEST_06) during the reference period prior to the survey. If DELCHEST_ALL is included in a data extract, all these separate variables are included in a researcher's data file.

For surveys including this question, information for this variable was collected on all births, up to a maximum of six, in the reference period. In many cases, data were hypothetically collected on up to six births, but no women in the survey had so many births (e.g., no woman had 4 or more births in 3 years, or had 5 or 6 births in 5 years). If, for example, no woman in a survey had 6 births in five years and only blank values were included in the original DHS file, then DELCHEST_06 would not be available for that survey in IPUMS-DHS.

Some surveys, specified in the Comparability section, collected this information for the last-born child only (DELCHEST_01).

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Bangladesh
Nepal
Tanzania

Comparability

Apart from universe differences and slight differences in question wording, DELCHEST_ALL (M77_x) is largely comparable across samples.

Comparability - Standard DHS

DELCHEST_ALL (M77_x) is included in the standard DHS questionnaire for Phase VII forward.

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

The 2014 Bangladesh survey collected this information for the last-born child only.

Comparability — Nepal [top]

The 2011 Nepal survey asks, "Was (NAME) placed on your belly/breast before delivery of the placenta?"

The 2011 and 2016 Nepal surveys collected this information for the last-born child only.

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

The 2015 Tanzania survey collected this information for the last-born child only.

Universe

  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 3 years before the survey.
  • Benin 2017: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey, and who did not deliver at home.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Guinea 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Mali 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who gave birth at home in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Nigeria 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Tanzania 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zambia 2018: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey, and who did not deliver at home.
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-W
  • Bangladesh: 2014-W, 2014-W
  • Benin: 2017-W, 2017-W
  • Burundi: 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Ethiopia: 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Guinea: 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Jordan: 2017-W, 2017-W
  • Malawi: 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Mali: 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Nepal: 2011-W, 2011-W, 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Nigeria: 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Pakistan: 2017-W, 2017-W
  • Senegal: 2017-W, 2017-W
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Tanzania: 2015-W, 2015-W
  • Uganda: 2016-W, 2016-W
  • Zambia: 2018-W, 2018-W
  • Zimbabwe: 2015-W, 2015-W