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FPNONNGO (FPNONNGO)
Source of family planning for non-users: Non-governmental organization (NGO)

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who are not currently using a method of contraception, FPNONNGO indicates whether they reported, in response to an open-ended question, a non-governmental organization (NGO) in general as a source of family planning. The complementary variable FPNONNGOWKR indicates whether the woman specifically reported an NGO worker.

Some samples in the "FPNON" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

For example, a given sample might include multiple categories for different types of NGO facilities that could be combined to create a more comprehensive response category. See Comparability for more information on the specific categories combined in this variable.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Bangladesh
Ethiopia
India
Jordan
Nepal
Nigeria
Tanzania

Comparability

The wording and organization of FPNONNGO varies slightly across samples. As a result, this variable is ultimately concerned with whether or not any NGO source was reported, not about the specific type of facility reported. Additionally, in some cases, multiple categories were consolidated to form a single, more comprehensive response. Countries of particular interest are noted below.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question about where family planning can be obtained is included in Phase IV forward of the standard DHS questionnaire.

Although responses in this variable are country-specific and not included in the standard DHS modules, they are integrated in FPNONNGO to increase comparability across samples.

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

In the 2007 Bangladesh survey, there are four separate categories for "NGO static clinic," "NGO satellite clinic," "NGO depot holder," and "other NGO." As this variable focuses on all NGO facilities, these four responses are consolidated in FPNONNGO to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • NGO static clinic is listed as FPNONBD8 in IPUMS-DHS
  • NGO satellite clinic is listed as FPNONBD9 in IPUMS-DHS
  • NGO depot holder is listed as FPNONBD10 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Other NGO is listed as FPNONBD11 in IPUMS-DHS

Additionally, in the 2011 Bangladesh survey, there are two separate categories for "NGO static clinic" and "NGO satellite clinic." These categories are consolidated in FPNONNGO and are also preserved in FPNONBD8 and FPNONBD9, respectively.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

In the 2005 and 2011 Ethiopian surveys, under an "NGO" header, there are two separate categories for "NGO health facility" and "other NGO." As this variable focuses on all NGO facilities, these two responses are consolidated in FPNONNGO to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • NGO health facility is listed as FPNONET5 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Other NGO is listed as FPNONET6 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — India [top]

In the 2005 Indian survey, this response category is worded as "NGO or trust hospital/clinic."

Comparability — Jordan [top]

In the 2002, 2007, 2012, and 2017 Jordan surveys, although there is not a designated "NGO" header, there are separate categories for different NGO sources. As this variable focuses on all NGO facilities, these responses are consolidated in FPNONNGO to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • UNRWA clinic is listed as FPNONJO6 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Jordan 2002, 2007, 2012, and 2017)
  • Other NGO is listed as FPNONJO7 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Jordan 2002, 2007, 2012, and 2017)
  • Institute for Family Health is listed as FPNONJO8 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Jordan 2017)
  • International Rescue Committee is listed as FPNONJO9 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Jordan 2017)

Comparability — Nepal [top]

In the 2001, 2006, and 2011 Nepal surveys, there are separate categories for different NGO sources. These responses are consolidated in FPNONNGO to create a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving the country-specific sources:

  • FPAN (Family Planning Association of Nepal) is listed as FPNONNP6 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Nepal 2001, 2006, and 2011)
  • Marie Stopes International is listed as FPNONNP7 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Nepal 2001, 2006, and 2011)
  • Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) is listed as FPNONNP8 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Nepal, 2006, and 2011)
  • Nepal Red Cross is listed as FPNONNP9 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Nepal 2001, 2006, and 2011)
  • UMN (United Mission to Nepal) is listed as FPNONNP10 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Nepal 2006 and 2011)
  • Other NGO is listed as FPNONNP11 in IPUMS-DHS (available for Nepal 2001, 2006, and 2011)

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

In the 2003, 2008, and 2013 Nigerian surveys, this response category is organized under the "Other" header and is worded as "NGO."

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

In the 2004 Tanzanian surveys, this response category is organized under the "Other" header and is worded as "NGO."

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Bangladesh 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 who are not currently using a modern method of contraception.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Ethiopia 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception and who have not had a hysterectomy.
  • Jordan 2002: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Jordan 2007: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Jordan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Jordan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Nepal 2001: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Nepal 2006: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Nepal 2011: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Nigeria 2003: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Yemen 2013: Ever-married women age 15-49 who are not currently using a method of contraception.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Bangladesh: 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-W
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Ethiopia: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • India: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Jordan: 2002-W, 2002-C, 2002-B, 2007-W, 2012-W, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-W
  • Nepal: 2001-W, 2006-W, 2011-W
  • Nigeria: 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Tanzania: 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C