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Known source for male condoms: CHAL health center (private faith-based) (Lesotho)

Codes and Frequencies

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HCMLS2 indicates whether the woman reported a CHAL [Christian Health Association of Lesotho] health center as a source for male condoms. This response category is country-specific to Lesotho.

Some samples in the "HCM" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

HCMLS2 is combined with HCMLS1 (CHAL hospital) and HCMLS3 (CHAL health post) in HCMPRIVMIS (all faith-based health facilities) for the 2014 Lesotho sample. Additionally, HCMLS2 is combined with HCMLS1 in HCMPRIVMIS for the 2004 and 2009 Lesotho samples. IPUMS-DHS users interested in using HCMLS2 are encouraged to review HCMPRIVMIS for a more comprehensive response category.


HCMLS2 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question on known sources for male condoms is included in the standard DHS questionnaire in Phases IV forward.

Although HCMLS2 is a country-specific response, this variable is combined with other responses in HCMPRIVMIS, a variable that encompasses all faith-based health facilities as sources of male condoms. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of HCMLS2 or the Comparability tab of HCMPRIVMIS for more information on the specific categories combined for the Lesotho samples.


  • Lesotho 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2009: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B