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Known source for male condoms: Marie Stopes (NGO) (Myanmar)

Codes and Frequencies

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HCMMM4 indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, the woman reported Marie Stopes International, a non-governmental organization (NGO) that provides contraception and safe abortion to women in urban and rural communities, as a source for male condoms. This response category is country-specific to Myanmar.

Some samples in the "HCM" series include multiple categories that can be consolidated into a single broad response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while also preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

HCMMM4 is combined with HCMMM5 (Myanmar Red Cross), HCMMM6 (Population Services International/Myanmar (PSI/M)), HCMMM7 (Myanmar Medical Association), and HCMMM8 (other NGO) in HCMNGO (all NGOs) for the 2015 Myanmar sample. IPUMS-DHS users interested in using HCMMM4 are encouraged to review HCMNGO for a more comprehensive response category.


HCMMM4 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question on known sources for male condoms is included in the standard DHS questionnaire in Phases III forward.

Although HCMMM4 is a country-specific response not included in the standard DHS modules, it is combined with other responses in HCMNGO, a standard variable that encompasses all NGOs as potential sources for male condoms. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of HCMMM4 or the Comparability tab of HCMNGO for more information on the specific categories combined for the 2015 Myanmar sample.


  • Myanmar 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B