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Known source for male condoms: UMN (NGO) (Nepal)

Codes and Frequencies

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HCMNP10 indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, the woman reported the United Mission to Nepal (UMN), a non-governmental organization (NGO), as a source for male condoms. This response category is country-specific to Nepal.

Some samples in the "HCM" series include multiple categories that can be consolidated into a single broad response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while also preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

HCMNP10 is combined with HCMNP6 (FPAN), HCMNP7 (Marie Stopes), HCMNP8 (ADRA), HCMNP9 (Nepal Red Cross), and HCMNP11 (other NGO) in HCMNGO (all NGOs) for the 2006 and 2011 Nepal samples. IPUMS-DHS users interested in using HCMNP10 are encouraged to review HCMNGO for a more comprehensive response category.


HCMNP10 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question on known sources for male condoms is included in the standard DHS questionnaire in Phases III forward.

Although HCMNP10 is a country-specific response not included in the standard DHS modules, it is combined with other responses in HCMNGO, a standard variable that encompasses all NGOs as potential sources for male condoms. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of HCMNP10 or the Comparability tab of HCMNGO for more information on the specific categories combined for the 2006 and 2011 Nepal samples.


  • Nepal 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Nepal: 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B