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HH has paraffin/kerosene lamp

Codes and Frequencies

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PARALAMPYN indicates whether the household has a lamp that uses paraffin (kerosene) as fuel.

The information in PARALAMPYN is taken from the household record, linked to the record of the woman respondent. This information applies to household residents, not temporary visitors, so researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT variable (with visitors coded "2").

Comparability — Index



Apart from slight differences in question wording, PARALAMPYN is largely comparable across samples. Most commonly, the question was "Does your household have a paraffin lamp?" Notable exceptions to this standard are indicated below in the discussion of specific countries.

Comparability - Standard DHS

PARALAMPYN is a country-specific household variable not included in the standard DHS questionnaire.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The Ethiopian surveys for 2000, 2005, and 2016 asked whether the household had a kerosene lamp or pressure lamp. These terms are largely interchangeable, with some countries using the words "paraffin lamp" and others using the words "kerosene lamp."

Comparability — Malawi [top]

The 2010 Malawian survey asked if the household had a "koloboyi," a country-specific term for a paraffin lamp.


  • Ethiopia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 1992: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Malawi: 1992-W, 1992-M, 1992-C, 1992-B, 1992-H, 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-W, 2016-H
  • Tanzania: 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-H