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STIADPRIVDRUG (V770M)
Sought STI advice from: Private pharmacy, dispensary, or drug store

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

For women who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the past 12 months, STIADPRIVDRUG indicates whether, in response to an open-ended question, they reported seeking advice or treatment from a private pharmacy, drug store, or dispensary for this problem.

Some samples in the "STIAD" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable, while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

For example, a given sample might include multiple categories for different types of private drug sources that could be combined to create a more comprehensive response category. See Comparability for more information on the specific categories combined in STIADPRIVDRUG.

Users should be careful to distinguish STIADPRIVDRUG from STIADOTHDRUG and STIADPUBDRUG, which refer to other, informal drug sources and public, formal drug sources, respectively.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Ghana
Mali
Nigeria
Rwanda
Tanzania

Comparability

In addition to universe differences, the wording of responses included in STIADPRIVDRUG varies across samples. Most commonly, samples categorized this response under a "private medical sector" header and labeled it "pharmacy." Some samples, however, combined "pharmacy" with other drug sources, such as "chemist" or "drug store," into a single response.

In other cases, samples separate "pharmacy" and other private, formal drug sources into distinct categories. As STIADPRIVDRUG focuses on all private, formal drug sources, this variable consolidates these categories into a single, comprehensive response. Countries of particular interest, with distinctive wording of responses, are noted below.

Due to the variation in category wording, IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Survey Text tab.

Additionally, samples vary in how they asked about sexually transmitted infections. For example, surveys in Phase V forward generally asked whether the woman had any STI, a genital sore/ulcer, and a genital discharge. In Phase III, the surveys mentioned additional infections. Due to this variation, researchers are encouraged to the Survey Text tab for samples of interest.

Comparability - Standard DHS

STIADPRIVDRUG first appears in Phase III of the Standard DHS questionnaire. Women with a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months are asked whether they sought treatment, and, if yes, are asked an open-ended question about where treatment was sought (e.g., "Where did you seek advice or treatment? Anywhere else?"). The base universe in this phase was women who had a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the 12 months prior to the interview.

In Phase IV, women are asked closed-ended questions about whether they sought treatment at specific sources (e.g., "The last time you had (INFECTION), did you seek advice from a health worker in a clinic or hospital?"). Given the conceptual differences between phases, samples from Phase IV are excluded from STIADPRIVDRUG.

In Phase V, STIADPRIVDRUG follows the same format as in Phase III. However, the base universe in these phases was women who had a sexually transmitted infection in the 12 months prior to the interview, thus including women who indicated that they did not seek treatment. To increase comparability across phases, researchers may wish to exclude women who did not seek treatment, using the STIADVICE variable (with women who did not seek advice/treatment coded "0").

Comparability — Ghana [top]

In the 2008 and 2014 Ghana surveys, under the "Private Medical Sector" header, there are separate categories for "pharmacy" and "chemical/drug store." Because STIADPRIVDURG is focused on all private, formal drug sources, these responses are consolidated to form a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • Pharmacy is listed as STIADGH1 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Chemical/drug store is listed as STIADGH2 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Mali [top]

In the 2012 Mali survey, under the "Private Medical Sector" header, there are separate categories for "pharmacy" and "university dispensary." Because STIADPRIVDRUG is focused on all private, formal drug sources, these responses are consolidated to form a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • Pharmacy is listed as STIADML5 in IPUMS-DHS
  • University dispensary is listed as STIADML6 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

In the 2008 and 2013 Nigerian surveys, under the "Private Medical Sector" header, there are separate categories for "pharmacy" and "chemist/patent medicine store (PMS)." Because STIADPRIVDRUG is focused on all private, formal drug sources, these responses are consolidated to form a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • Pharmacy is listed as STIADNG3 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Chemist/patent medicine store (PMS) is listed as STIADNG4 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

In the 2010 and 2014 Rwanda surveys, under the "Private Medical Sector" header, there are separate categories for "pharmacy" and "dispensary." Because STIADPRIVDRUG is focused on all private, formal drug sources, these responses are consolidated to form a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • Pharmacy is listed as STIADRW6 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Dispensary is listed as STIADRW7 in IPUMS-DHS

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

In the 2004 and 2010 Tanzania surveys, under the "Private Medical Sector" header, there are separate categories for "pharmacy" and "dispensary." Because STIADPRIVDRUG is focused on all private, formal drug sources, these responses are consolidated to form a more comprehensive response category. For researchers interested in preserving these country-specific categories:

  • Pharmacy is listed as STIADTZ8 in IPUMS-DHS
  • Dispensary is listed as STIADTZ9 in IPUMS-DHS

Universe

  • Afghanistan 2015: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Angola 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Bangladesh 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Benin 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Burundi 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Burundi 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Cameroon 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Cameroon 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2007: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Egypt 2014: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Ethiopia 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Ghana 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Guinea 1999: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Guinea 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • India 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • India 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Kenya 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Kenya 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Lesotho 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Lesotho 2009: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Lesotho 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Madagascar 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months, in households selectd for the men's survey.
  • Malawi 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 1995: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Mali 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Myanmar 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Namibia 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Namibia 2013: Women age 15-64 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Nepal 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 1998: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Niger 2012: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 1999: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2008: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Nigeria 2013: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Pakistan 2012: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Pakistan 2017: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Rwanda 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 1997: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2014: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Senegal 2017: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • South Africa 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2004: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Tanzania 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 1995: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2006: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2011: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Uganda 2016: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Yemen 2013: Ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Zambia 1996: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 1994: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 1999: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection for which they sought treatment in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2005: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: Women age 15-49 who have ever had sex and who had symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months.
  • Afghanistan: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Bangladesh: 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Cameroon: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2007-C, 2007-B, 2007-W
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B
  • Egypt: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Ethiopia: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Ghana: 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Guinea: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • India: 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B
  • Kenya: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Lesotho: 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2009-W, 2009-C, 2009-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B
  • Malawi: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Mali: 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Myanmar: 2015-C, 2015-W, 2015-B
  • Namibia: 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B
  • Nigeria: 1999-W, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Pakistan: 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • Rwanda: 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B
  • Senegal: 1997-B, 1997-W, 1997-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2014-B, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B
  • South Africa: 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Tanzania: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-C, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C
  • Zambia: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-C
  • Zimbabwe: 1994-B, 1994-W, 1994-C, 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-C, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B