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GEO_ZA1998 (V101_ZA1998)
South Africa regions, 1998 [GIS]

Codes and Frequencies

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GEO_ZA1998 (V101_ZA1998) reports the region of South Africa where the respondent was interviewed, using provinces as the geographic unit.

Other South African sample years have their own sample-specific geography variables. The integrated geographic variable GEO_ZA1998_2016 provides spatially consistent units over time across South African samples.

A GIS map for GEO_ ZA1998 (in shapefile format) can be downloaded from the DHS Program Spatial Data Repository Boundaries page.


GEO_ZA1998 (V101_ZA1998) is a country- and sample-specific variable and has no comparability issues.

Comparability - Standard DHS

GEO_ZA1998 (V101_ZA1998) is a geographic variable added during processing of the DHS data. V101 is included in all Phases of the DHS.


  • South Africa 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • South Africa: 1998-H, 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B