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Known source for male condoms: NGO health facility (Ethiopia)

Codes and Frequencies

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HCMET4 indicates whether the woman reported an "NGO health facility" as a source for male condoms. This response category is country-specific to Ethiopia.

Some samples in the "HCM" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

HCMET4 is combined with HCMET6 (NGO community-based outlet), HCMET8 (NGO family guidance), and HCMET9 (other NGO) in HCMNGO (all NGO facilities) for the 2000 Ethiopia sample.

Additionally, HCMET4 is combined with HCMET7 (NGO CBD/CBRHA) and HCMET9 (other NGO) in HCMNGO for the 2005 Ethiopia sample.

HCMET4 is also combined with HCMET5 (VCHW) and HCMET9 (other NGO) in HCMNGO for the 2011 Ethiopia sample.

IPUMS-DHS users interested in using HCMET4 are encouraged to review HCMNGO for a more comprehensive response category.


Apart from universe differences, HCMET4 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question on known sources for male condoms is included in the standard DHS questionnaire in Phases III forward.

Though HCMET4 is a country-specific response, this variable is combined with other responses in HCMNGO, a variable that encompasses all non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as sources of male condoms. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of HCMET4 or the Comparability tab of HCMNGO for more information on the specific categories combined for Ethiopia 2000, 2005, and 2011.


  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have had sexual intercourse.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-B, 2000-C, 2005-C, 2005-W, 2005-B, 2011-C, 2011-W, 2011-B