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Known source for male condoms: NGO family guidance (Ethiopia)

Codes and Frequencies

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HCMET8 indicates whether the woman reported an "NGO family guidance" as a source for male condoms. This response category is country-specific to Ethiopia.

Some samples in the "HCM" series include categories that can be consolidated into a single response. IPUMS-DHS uses supplemental programming to combine these responses in a standard variable while preserving the separate responses in country-specific variables.

HCMET8 is combined with HCMET4 (NGO health facility), HCMET6 (NGO community-based outlet), and HCMET9 (other NGO) in HCMNGO (all NGOs) for the 2000 Ethiopia sample.

IPUMS-DHS users interested in using HCMET8 are encouraged to review HCMNGO for a more comprehensive response category.


Apart from universe differences, HCMET8 has no comparability problems.

Comparability - Standard DHS

An open-ended question on known sources for male condoms is included in the standard DHS questionnaire in Phases III forward.

Though HCMET8 is a country-specific response, this variable is combined with other responses in HCMNGO, a variable that encompasses all non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as sources of male condoms. IPUMS-DHS users are encouraged to review the Description tab of HCMET8 or the Comparability tab of HCMNGO for more information on the specific categories combined for Ethiopia 2000, 2005, and 2011.


  • Ethiopia 2000: Women age 15-49 who have had sexual intercourse.
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B