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SALTBRIDGE (SALTBRIDGE)
Iodized salt in household (bridging variable)

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

SALTBRIDGE serves as a bridging variable between two approaches to collecting information on the presence of iodized salt in the household. Initially, respondents were asked, "What type of salt is usually used for cooking in your household?" Respondents were also asked to show their salt package to the interviewer.

Beginning with Phase 4 of the standard DHS questionnaire, respondents were asked to provide the interviewer with a teaspoon of cooking salt, which the interviewer then tested. Iodine testing methods varied across phases and countries.

SALTBRIDGE combines information from the first approach of asking about cooking salt (in SALTIODIZE (HV222)) and the second approach of testing the cooking salt for iodine (in SALTEST3 (HV234)).

The information in SALTBRIDGE is taken from the household record, linked to the record of the woman respondent. This information applies to household residents, not temporary visitors, so researchers may wish to exclude visitors using the RESIDENT (V135) variable (with visitors coded "2").

See Comparability for more information.

Comparability

SALTBRIDGE is a bridging variable created by IPUMS-DHS. Due to the shifts across phases in data collection methods, users should be attentive to the survey text for each sample of interest. Researchers should also note the text in the Description and Comparability tabs of the source variables SALTIODIZE (HV222) and SALTEST3 (HV234A).

Comparability - Standard DHS

SALTBRIDGE is not included in the standard DHS questionnaire, but it is derived from standard questions from Phase III and from Phase IV forward. See SALTIODIZE (HV222) and SALTEST3 (HV234A) for further discussion of how the standard DHS questionnaire collected data on the presence of iodized salt.

Universe

  • Angola 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Bangladesh 2011: Ever-married women age 12-49.
  • Benin 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Benin 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Burkina Faso 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Burundi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Cameroon 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Chad 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Chad 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Congo (Democratic Republic) 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Cote d'Ivoire 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 1995: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2000: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2005: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Egypt 2008: Ever-married women age 15-49 in households selected for hemoglobin measurements.
  • Egypt 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Ethiopia 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Ghana 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Guinea 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • India 1998: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • India 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Kenya 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 1997: Women age 15-49 in households that agreed to show the salt used to cook the main meal the previous day.
  • Madagascar 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Madagascar 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Malawi 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Mali 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Mozambique 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Namibia 2013: All women age 15-64.
  • Nepal 1996: Ever-married women age 15-49.
  • Nepal 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 1998: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Niger 2012: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2003: All women age 15-49.
  • Nigeria 2008: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2000: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2005: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Rwanda 2014: All women age 15-49.
  • Senegal 2017: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 1999: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2004: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Tanzania 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 1995: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2006: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2011: All women age 15-49.
  • Uganda 2016: All women age 15-49.
  • Yemen 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 1996: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2001: All women age 15-49.
  • Zambia 2013: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2010: All women age 15-49.
  • Zimbabwe 2015: All women age 15-49.
  • Angola: 2015-W, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-H
  • Bangladesh: 2011-H, 2011-C, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-B, 2011-W
  • Benin: 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-B, 1996-H, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2001-H, 2006-W, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Burkina Faso: 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H
  • Burundi: 2010-C, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2010-W, 2016-W, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H
  • Cameroon: 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-C, 2004-B, 2004-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Chad: 1996-W, 1996-B, 1996-M, 1996-C, 2004-W, 2004-B, 2004-M, 2004-C
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B, 2013-M
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Egypt: 1995-W, 1995-W, 1995-C, 1995-B, 1995-H, 2000-W, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2008-W, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Ethiopia: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H, 2011-W, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Ghana: 2003-W, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-W, 2014-M, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Guinea: 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • India: 1998-W, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2005-W, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-C, 2005-B, 2005-H
  • Kenya: 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-B, 2014-H
  • Madagascar: 1997-W, 1997-C, 1997-B, 1997-H, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-B, 2008-H
  • Malawi: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-B, 2000-H, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-B, 2010-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-W, 2016-H
  • Mali: 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-B, 2001-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • Mozambique: 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-W, 2003-C, 2003-B, 2003-H, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-B, 2011-H
  • Namibia: 2013-W, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-B
  • Nepal: 1996-W, 1996-C, 1996-H, 1996-B, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-B
  • Niger: 1998-W, 1998-M, 1998-C, 1998-B, 1998-H, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-B, 2006-H, 2012-W, 2012-M, 2012-W, 2012-C, 2012-B, 2012-H
  • Nigeria: 1999-H, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-B, 2003-W, 2003-M, 2003-C, 2003-H, 2003-B, 2008-W, 2008-M, 2008-W, 2008-C, 2008-H, 2008-B
  • Rwanda: 2000-W, 2000-M, 2000-W, 2000-C, 2000-H, 2000-B, 2005-B, 2005-W, 2005-M, 2005-W, 2005-C, 2005-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-H, 2014-W, 2014-C, 2014-B, 2014-M, 2014-W, 2014-H
  • Senegal: 2017-W, 2017-C, 2017-B, 2017-W, 2017-M, 2017-H
  • Tanzania: 1999-B, 1999-W, 1999-M, 1999-C, 1999-H, 2004-B, 2004-W, 2004-M, 2004-W, 2004-C, 2004-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2010-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W, 2015-H
  • Uganda: 1995-B, 1995-W, 1995-M, 1995-C, 1995-H, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-W, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2006-B, 2006-W, 2006-M, 2006-W, 2006-C, 2006-H, 2011-B, 2011-W, 2011-M, 2011-W, 2011-C, 2011-H, 2016-W, 2016-C, 2016-B, 2016-M, 2016-H, 2016-W
  • Yemen: 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-H, 2013-C, 2013-W
  • Zambia: 1996-B, 1996-W, 1996-M, 1996-C, 1996-H, 2001-B, 2001-W, 2001-M, 2001-C, 2001-H, 2013-B, 2013-W, 2013-C, 2013-M, 2013-W, 2013-H
  • Zimbabwe: 2010-H, 2010-B, 2010-W, 2010-M, 2010-W, 2010-C, 2015-H, 2015-W, 2015-C, 2015-B, 2015-M, 2015-W