Census-DHS Geography Crosswalk: First Administrative Level

First-administrative-level crosswalk variables identify geographic units in IPUMS-DHS countries that match those in the IPUMS International census samples. The variables correspond to the primary level of geography in both databases. The spatially consistent variables shared by the two databases allow researchers to summarize census data and attach the results as contextual information to the DHS samples. Conversely, researchers can summarize DHS data and attach it to censuses, with the understanding that confidence intervals may be large. GIS shapefiles are available at the links below.

More on IPUMS-International spatially consistent geography can be found here.

Country IPUMS-DHS
sample year
IPUMS-International sample year Crosswalk to level 1 geography
AFGHANISTAN 2015
Not Available
ANGOLA 2015
Not Available
BANGLADESH 1994 1997 2000 2004 2007 2011 2014 1991 2001 2011 DHS_IPUMSI_BD [shapefile]
BENIN 1996 2001 2006 2011 2017 1979 1992 2002 2013 DHS_IPUMSI_BJ [shapefile]
BURKINA FASO 1993 1998 2003 2010 1985 1996 2006 DHS_IPUMSI_BF [shapefile]
BURUNDI 1987 2010 2016
Not Available
CAMEROON 1991 1998 2004 2011 1976 1987 2005 DHS_IPUMSI_CM [shapefile]
CHAD 1996 2004 2014
Not Available
CONGO (DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC) 2007 2013
Not Available
CÔTE D'IVOIRE 1994 1998 2011
Not Available
EGYPT 1988 1992 1995 2000 2003 2005 2008 2014 1986 1996 2006 DHS_IPUMSI_EG [shapefile]
ETHIOPIA 2000 2005 2011 2016 1984 1994 2007 DHS_IPUMSI_ET [shapefile]
GHANA 1988 1993 1998 2003 2008 2014 1984 2000 2010 DHS_IPUMSI_GH [shapefile]
GUINEA 1999 2005 2012 2018 1983 1996 2014 DHS_IPUMSI_GN [shapefile]
INDIA 1992 1998 2005 2015 1983 1987 1993 1999 2004 2009 DHS_IPUMSI_IA [shapefile]
JORDAN 1990 1997 2002 2007 2009 2012 2017 2004 DHS_IPUMSI_JO [shapefile]
KENYA 1989 1993 1998 2003 2008 2014 1969 1979 1989 1999 2009 DHS_IPUMSI_KE [shapefile]
LIBERIA 1986 2007 2013 1974 2008 DHS_IPUMSI_LR [shapefile]
LESOTHO 2004 2009 2014 1996 2006 DHS_IPUMSI_LS [shapefile]
MADAGASCAR 1992 1997 2003 2008
Not Available
MALAWI 1992 2000 2004 2010 2016 1987 1998 2008 DHS_IPUMSI_MW [shapefile]
MALI 1987 1995 2001 2006 2012 2018 1987 1998 2009 DHS_IPUMSI_ML [shapefile]
MOROCCO 1987 1992 2003 1982 1994 2004 2014 DHS_IPUMSI_MA [shapefile]
MOZAMBIQUE 1997 2003 2011 1997 2007 DHS_IPUMSI_MZ [shapefile]
MYANMAR 2015 2014 DHS_IPUMSI_MM [shapefile]
NAMIBIA 1992 2000 2006 2013
Not Available
NEPAL 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 2011 DHS_IPUMSI_NP [shapefile]
NIGER 1992 1998 2006 2012 2018
Not Available
NIGERIA 1990 1999 2003 2008 2013 2018 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 DHS_IPUMSI_NG [shapefile]
PAKISTAN 1991 2006 2012 2017 1973 1981 1998 DHS_IPUMSI_PK [shapefile]
RWANDA 1992 2000 2005 2008 2014 1991 2002 2012 DHS_IPUMSI_RW [shapefile]
SENEGAL 1986 1992 1997 2005 2010 2012 2014 2015 2016 2017 1988 2002 2013 DHS_IPUMSI_SN [shapefile]
SOUTH AFRICA 1998 2016 1996 2001 2007 2011 2016 DHS_IPUMSI_ZA [shapefile]
SRI LANKA 1987
Not Available
SUDAN 1989 2008 DHS_IPUMSI_SD [shapefile]
TANZANIA 1991 1996 1999 2004 2010 2015 1988 2002 2012 DHS_IPUMSI_TZ [shapefile]
TUNISIA 1988
Not Available
UGANDA 1988 1995 2001 2006 2011 2016 1991 2002 2014 DHS_IPUMSI_UG [shapefile]
YEMEN 1991 2013
Not Available
ZAMBIA 1992 1996 2001 2007 2013 2018 1990 2000 2010 DHS_IPUMSI_ZM [shapefile]
ZIMBABWE 1988 1994 1999 2005 2010 2015 2012 DHS_IPUMSI_ZW [shapefile]